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Coal Combustion Products and REACH (status 02..02.2017)

On 1st June 2007, the REACH-Regulation (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals) entered into force. By this, also each producer or importer of coal combustion products (CCPs) has to register the marketed or imported substances at the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) situated in Helsinki. Since 1 June 2008, CCPs which are not registered can not be produced and placed on the market.

Due to special regulations for "phase-in" material like CCPs the producers/importers of CCPs have pre-registered FGD- gypsum, spray dry absorption product (SDA-product), fly ash ((FA) from hard coal/lignite), bottom ash (BA), boiler slag (BS) and fluidised bed combustion ash (FBC-ash) as well as cenospheres (CE) and ashes from biomass combustion (BMA) with the CAS- and EC-numbers of the specific substances. For production volumes of more than 1000 tonnes per year the pre-registration had to be done by 1. December 2008, the registration had to be completed by 1. December 2010.

The producers/importers of substances with the same EC-numbers formed so-called pre-SIEFs (Substance Information Exchange Forum). Out of these pre-registered parties a „facilitator“ organises the pre-SIEF communication and cares for open questions within the pre-SIEF. For the basic and continuous information regarding the registration of CCPs this website was created.

Table: Situation pre-SIEFS for registration of Coal Combustion Products (CCPs) (status 30.07.2013)

EC Nr

EC name/pre-SIEF

nr pre-registrants

CCPs

pre-SIEF facilitator

consortia

231-900-3

calcium sulfate

1619

FGD gypsum

EUROGYPSUM

Calcium Sulfate Consortium

268-627-4

ashes (residues)

1084

FA, BA, BS
FBC-ash
others

STEAG GmbH
(via Knoell Consult
and VGB PowerTech)

Ash-REACH-Consortium
By-Product Consortium
ASVEP Consortium

300-212-6

Ashes (residues) Cenospheres

113

CE

B-Lands Consult
(inactive) //

OMYA active

Interest Group formed

270-708-4

slags, coal

524

FA, BA, BS,
FBC-ash,
others

STEAG
(via Knoell Consult
and VGB PowerTech)

Ash-REACH-Consortium
By-Product Consortium
ASVEP Consortium

302-652-4

SDA product
- > 10 % ash
- < 10  % ash

99
11

SDA-product

B-Lands Consult
(inactive)  //
UPS/UTEX active

By-Products Consortium

-

The pre-registered parties agreed about the sameness of substances, defined Substance Identity Profiles (SIP) and formed Substance Information Exchange Fora (SIEF) for the preparation of joint registration dossiers with chemical, physical, toxicological and ecotoxicological data. For the registration of one substance only one registration dossier with the specific registration data can be filed. The SIEF members agreed for a so-called „Lead Registrant“ who submitted the substance specific joint registration dossier to the ECHA. 

Consortia were formed for calcium sulfate, ashes (fly ash, bottom ash and boiler slag), for FBC-ash and for SDA product. 

By 1st December 2010, the following substances were registered 

- Calcium sulfate (natural and FGD gypsum) 

- SDA-Product* 

- Ashes from wet and dry bottom boilers (fly ash, bottom ash, boiler slag)* 

- Ashes from fluidized bed combustion boilers* 

- Cenospheres 

* for ashes and SDA-Product new EC numbers were used for registration. 

Legal entities being members of the joint registration referred to the joint registration dossier by a token number provided by the lead registrant. 

Pre-registered parties which will register at a later stage and are not members of a consortium can contact the lead registrant or contact partners listed below and ask for a letter of access (LoA) to the joint registration dossier. 

Parties not being pre-registered can also ask for a LoA. However, they have to prepare an inquiry to ECHA to get a company specific number for registration and contact details to the lead company which has registered the same substance. 

Information regarding sameness of substances for registration of CCPs and details of consortia are given below.

Calcium sulfate

Calcium sulfate (the registration covers FGD-and natural gypsum):

substance definition:

calcium sulfate

joint registration:

Calcium sulfate 231-900-3

EC nr:

231-900-3

Number of parties for registration:

> 260

Calcium sulfate Consortium:

Lead Registrant :

SAINT GOBAIN PLACO IBERICA, S.A.

Project Manager:

EUROGYPSUM

Contact:

info@eurogypsum.org

Note: For using rights for studies from Korea a second LoA has to be ordered. 

SDA Product

SDA-product (the registration covers “clean” SDA product (< 10 % ash content):

substance definition:

SDA product

joint registration:

JS_SDA_Product

EC nr:

931-259-6

Number of parties for registration:

> 20

By-Products Consortium:

Lead Registrant :

TAURON Polska Energia S.A.

Project Manager:

Polish CCP Union

Contact:

Tomasz.Szczygielski@ibs.pw.edu.pl

Ashes from wet and dry bottom boilers

Ashes (Fly ash, bottom ash and boiler slag) from wet and dry bottom boilers:

substance definition:

Ashes (residues), coal

joint registration:

JS_Ashes (residues),coal

EC nr:

931-322-8

Number of parties for registration:

> 250

Ash-REACH-Consortium together with the By-Products Consortium and the ASVEP-Consortium:

Lead Registrant :

Steag GmbH (former Evonik Steag GmbH)

Contact details:

Ash-REACH Consortium

Project Manager:

VGB PowerTech

Contact:

feuerborn-reach@vgb.org

ashreachconsortium@knoellconsult.com

By-Products Consortium

Project Manager:

Polish CCP Union

Contact:

Tomasz.Szczygielski@ibs.pw.edu.pl

ASVEP Consortium

Project Manager:

ASVEP Asociace pro Vyuziti produktu

Contact:

pavel.donat@cez.cz

Cenospheres

substance definition:

cenospheres

joint registration:

Joint submission 300-212-6

EC nr:

300-212-6

Number of parties for registration:

> 10

Cenospheres Interest Group:

Lead Registrant :

OMYA UK

Project Manager:

OMYA International

Contact:

reach.117@omya.com

FBC ash

Fluidized Bed Combustion boiler ash (FBC-ash):

substance definition:

FBC-ash

joint registration:

JS_FBC_Ash

EC nr:

931-257-5

Number of consortium members:

> 20

By-Products Consortium:

Lead Registrant :

EKOTECH Centrum

Project Manager:

Polish CCP-Union

Contact:

Tomasz.Szczygielski@ibs.pw.edu.pl

Further information: Biomass ash

substance definition:

biomass ash

joint registration:

JS_Ashes (residues), plant

EC nr:

297-049-5

Number of parties for registration:

> 5

ASVEP Consortium:

Lead Registrant :

CEZ, a.s.

Project Manager:

CEZ Energeticke produkty, s.r.o.

Contact:

roman.snop@cez.cz

Further information: Mixed Ash

In the pre-SIEF for ashes (residues) – EC 268-627-4 – also the

Mixed Ash Consortium

was formed.

substance definition:

mixed ash

joint registration:

Ash registration

EC nr:

931-597-4

Number of parties for registration:

> 60

Lead Registrant :

Kymin Voima Oy

Project Manager:

Linnunmaa Oy

Contact:

ash.consortium@linnunmaa.fi